Q. Which of the following was/were influence/s the Revolutionary Activity in 1920’s?
1.Upsurge of working-class trade unionism.
2.Russian Revolution.
3.Newly sprouting communist groups..
Choose the correct answer from below given codes:

[A] 1 only

[B] 1 and 2 only

[C] 2 and 3 only

[D] 1, 2 and 3

Answer: D

Explanation: Nearly all major leaders of revolutionary policies had been enthusiastic participants in the Non-Cooperation Movement and included Jogesh Chandra Chatterjee, Surya Sen, Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev, Chandrasekhar Azad, Shiv Verma, Bhagwaticharan Vohra, Jaidev Kapur and Jatin Das.

Two separate strands of revolutionary groups emerged during this period—one operating in Punjab-UP-Bihar and the other in Bengal.

Major Influences:

  1. Upsurge of working-class trade unionism after the War; the revolutionaries wanted to harness the revolutionary potential of the new emergent class for nationalist revolution.
  2. Russian Revolution (1917) and the success of the young Soviet state in consolidating itself.
  3. Newly sprouting communist groups with their emphasis on Marxism, socialism and the proletariat.
  4. Journals publishing memoirs and articles extolling the self-sacrifice of revolutionaries, such as Atmasakti, Sarathi and Bijoli.

Source: Spectrum Modern India