Q. which one of the following factors constitutes the best safeguard of liberty in a liberal democracy?

[A] A committed judiciary

[B] Centralization of powers

[C] Elected government

[D] Separation of powers

Answer: D
Notes:

Why this question:  

  • Important static concept 
  • Recently Allahabad HC said that individual liberty cannot be taken away without proper application of mind 
  • Recently, Prime Minister lauded the judiciary for safeguarding peoples rights and personal liberty 

Ans) d 

Exp) Option d is correct. 

Option d is correct. The Separation of powers between the legislature, the executive and the judiciary constitute an important safeguard of liberty in a liberal democracy.  The doctrine of Separation of powers entails the division of the legislative, executive, and judicial functions of government among different organs. This separation minimises the possibility of arbitrary excesses by the government, since all the three organs acts as check and balance on the powers of each other. Therefore, none of the three organs can usurp the essential functions of other organs. 

This demarcation prevents the concentration of excessive power by any branch of the Government. It thus helps to safeguard the liberty and rights of the people in a democracy. 

Source) Laxmikant Chapter 7 and 11 

https://www.cusb.ac.in/images/cusb-files/2020/el/law/w2/Separation_of_Powers1_iv_semester.pdf 

Subject) Polity