Q. Which one of the following is an endangered species of the Indian medicinal plants?

[A] Garlic

[B] Ocimum

[C] Nependenthes

[D] Podophyllum

Answer: D
Notes:

Explanation:

  • Podophyllum hexandrum is an endangered high-elevation plant species in Himalaya region.
  • Podophyllotoxin is a derivative of Podophyllum hexandrum, is used in the treatment of many cancers.
  • The root and underground stem (rhizome) are used to make medicine.
  • Podophyllum is poisonous when taken by mouth. Despite this, some people take it orally for yellowed skin (jaundice), liver ailments, fever, syphilis, hearing loss, and cancer.
  • Podophyllum is also used to empty the bowels, kill parasitic worms in the intestine, and counteract snakebites. Some women take it to cause an abortion.
  • Podophyllum has been used as a laxative. But it has been removed from the market due to safety concerns.
    Podophyllum is applied directly to the skin for removal of warts, including plantar warts and genital warts. It is also used topically for white patches on the tongue in people with weakened immune systems (hairy leukoplakia) and for corns.
  • Podophyllum can stop cell duplication and new growth. It can also have laxative effects.

Source: https://www.webmd.com/vitamins/ai/ingredientmono-806/podophyllum