Q. Which one of the following species is listed as endangered under IUCN category?

[A] Atlantic Bluefin Tuna

[B] Gharial

[C] African Forest Elephant

[D] Komodo Dragon

Answer: D
  • Statement a is incorrect: The Atlantic bluefin tuna moved from endangered to least concern. This is because the Atlantic bluefin tuna had increased by at least 22 percent and had declined by more than half in the Gulf of Mexico over the last four decades. 
  • Statement b is incorrect: Gharials are listed as critically endangered in the IUCN list. They are listed under Schedule I of the Wildlife Protection Act,1972 and on Appendix I of CITES. 
  • Statement c is incorrect: The African forest elephant is listed as Critically Endangered on the IUCN Red List. The species occurs in the tropical forests of Central Africa, and a range of habitats in West Africa. 
  • Statement d is correct: Komodo dragon has been moved from vulnerable to endangered. The species is endemic to Indonesia and occurs only in the World Heritage-listed Komodo National Park and neighbouring Flores.