Q. Which one of the following statements about the National Green Tribunal is not correct?

[A] It was set up in the year 2010.

[B] It is involved in effective and expeditious disposal of cases relating to environmental protection and conservation of forests.

[C] It may consider giving relief and compensation for damages to persons and property.

[D] It is bound by the procedures laid down under the Code of Civil Procedure, 1908.

Answer: D

Explanation:  National Green Tribunal (NGT):

  • The National Green Tribunal was formed on 18 October 2010.
  • It is a statutory body formed under the National Green Tribunal Act 2010. Hence, NGT is a statutory body.
  • It is related to Article 21 of the Indian Constitution.
  • This Tribunal has the same status as the High Court.
  • Its headquarters is located in New Delhi.
  • The main objective of the establishment of the National Green Tribunal is to speedy disposal of environmental issues to reduce the burden of pending litigations in the country’s courts. Hence, NGT is a Quasi-Judicial Body.
  • According to the National Green Tribunal Act, NGT must deal with the environmental issues faced by them within 6 months.
  • There are at least 10 and a maximum of 20 full-time judicial members and expert members.
  • Tenure: 5 years
  • Not eligible for re-appointment.


  • The Chairman is appointed by the Central Government after consulting the Chief Justice of India.
  • A selection committee is formed by the central government to appoint judicial and expert members.
  • Salary and Allowances are determined by the Central Government.
  • Being a statutory body, the NGT has appellate jurisdiction and under which it can conduct hearings.
  • NGT is not obliged to follow the judicial process mentioned in Civil Procedure Code, 1908.

There are four Regional Offices of the National Green Tribunal. These include:

  • Bhopal
  • Kolkata
  • Chennai
  • Pune

With the establishment of the National Green Tribunal, India has become the third country in the world to set up a special environmental tribunal after Australia and New Zealand.

Source: https://greentribunal.gov.in/methodology-ngt#:~:text=The%20National%20Green%20Tribunal%20Act,by%20principles%20of%20natural%20justice