Q. Which ruler’s interest led to the translation of Sanskrit musical work Rag Darpan into Persian?

[A] Iltutmish

[B] Balban

[C] Firuz Tughlaq

[D] Alauddin Khilji

Answer: C

Music was an area where the syncretic tendencies were clearly visible. Muslims brought their musical instruments like Rabab and Sarangi.

  • Amir Khusrau proclaimed that Indian music had a pre-eminence over all the other music of the world.
  • The Sufi practice of Sama, recitation of love poetry to the accompaniment of music, was instrumental in promotion of music.
  • Pir Bhodan, a Sufi saint, was considered a great musician of the age. Royal patronage for the growth of music was also forthcoming.
  • Firuz Tughlaq evinced interest in music leading to synchronisation by translating an Indian Sanskrit musical work Rag Darpan into Persian.
  • Dancing also received an impetus in the official court. Zia-ud-din Barani lists the names of Nusrat Khatun and Mihr Afroz as musician and dancer respectively in the court of Jalaluddin Khalji.

Source: Tamil Nadu state board.