Q. Who among the following followed the policy of Ring-fence during the conquest of India?
Warren Hastings took charge as the governor-general at a critical period of British rule when the British were to encounter the powerful combination of the Marathas, Mysore and Hyderabad.
· He followed a policy of ring-fence which aimed at creating buffer zones to defend the Company’s frontiers.
· Broadly speaking, it was the policy of defence of their neighbours’ frontiers for safeguarding their own territories.
· This policy of Warren Hastings was reflected in his war against the Marathas and Mysore.
· The chief danger to the Company’s territories was from the Afghan invaders and the Marathas.
· To safeguard against these dangers, the Company undertook to organise the defence of the frontiers of Awadh on the condition that the Nawab would defray the expenses of the defending army.
· The defence of Awadh constituted the defence of Bengal during that time. Thus the states brought under the ring-fence system were assured of military assistance against external aggression—but at their own expense.
· Wellesley’s policy of subsidiary alliance was, in fact, an extension of the ring-fence system which sought to reduce the Indian states into a position of dependence on the British government.
Source: Spectrum’s A Brief History of Modern India.