Q. Who among the following is the composer of the love story ‘Padmavat’ which reloved around the romance of Padmini and Ratansen, the king of Chittor?

[A] Abul Fazal

[B] Malik Muhammad Jayasi

[C] Amir Khusrau

[D] Tansen

Answer: B
Notes:

It was not just in sama that the Chishtis adopted local languages. In Delhi, those associated with the Chishti silsila conversed in Hindavi, the language of the people.

  • Other sufis such as Baba Farid composed verses in the local language, which were incorporated in the Guru Granth Sahib.
  • Yet others composed long poems or masnavis to express ideas of divine love using human love as an allegory.
  • For example, the prem-akhyan (love story) Padmavat composed by Malik Muhammad Jayasi revolved around the romance of Padmini and Ratansen, the king of Chittor.
  • Their trials were symbolic of the soul’s journey to the divine. Such poetic compositions were often recited in hospices, usually during sama.

Source: NCERT Themes in Indian History.