Q. Who among the following was prepared the “Sarvodaya Plan”?

[A] Sardar Vallabhai Patel

[B] Subhash Chandra Bose

[C] Jayaprakash Narayan

[D] John Mathai

Answer: C

Explanation: After the reports of the NPC were published and the government was set to go for the five-year plans, a lone blueprint for the planned development of India was formulated by the famous socialist leader Jayaprakash Narayan— the Sarvodaya Plan published in January 1950.

  • The plan drew its major inspirations from the Gandhian techniques of constructive works by the community and trusteeship as well as the Sarvodaya concept of Acharya Vinoba Bave, the eminent Gandhian constructive worker.
  • Major ideas of the plan were highly similar to the Gandhian Plan like emphasis on agriculture, agri-based small and cottage industries, self-reliance and almost no dependence on foreign capital and technology, land reforms, self-dependent villages and decentralised participatory form of planning and economic progress, to name the major ones.

Source: TMH Ramesh Singh