Q. Who among the following was well known practitioner of western science and medicine; and also, establishment of printing press for Marathi and Sanskrit?

[A] Baji Rao I

[B] Serfoji II

[C] Raghunath Rao

[D] Balaji Baji Rao

Answer: B
Notes:

Serfoji II was a remarkable ruler. He was educated by the German Christian missionary Friedrich Schwartz, Serfoji.  

  • Similarly, Serfoji II turned out to be a well-known practitioner of Western science and medicine. Yet he was a devoted keeper of Indian traditions.  
  • He mastered several European languages and had an impressive library of books in every branch of learning.  
  • Serfoji’s modernising projects included the establishment of a printing press (the first press for Marathi and Sanskrit) and enrichment of the Saraswati Mahal Library.  
  • His most innovative project, however, was the establishment of free modern public schools run by his court, for instruction in English and the vernacular languages. 

Source: Tamil Nadu state board.