Q. With reference to anabolic steroids, consider the following statements:
1.These are essentially lab-made versions of the male hormone testosterone.
2.They are similar to corticosteroids.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

[A] 1 only

[B] .2 only

[C] .Both 1 and 2

[D] Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: A
Notes:
  • Statement 1 is correct: Anabolic steroids are essentially lab-made versions of the male hormone testosterone and have a similar effect of increasing muscle mass as the natural hormone does. It also increases male characteristics in a person, such as facial hair and a deeper voice.
  • Statement 2 is incorrect: These are very different from the corticosteroids that are prescribed by doctors for inflammations, several autoimmune diseases, or to suppress the body’s immune system during a Covid-19 infection. Corticosteroids are lab-made molecules that mimic the action of the hormone called cortisol that controls the body’s stress response, metabolism, and inflammation.

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