Q. With reference to Antimicrobial Resistance (AMR) consider the following statements:
1.It occurs when microbes such as bacteria become resistant to antimicrobial treatments.
2.AMR is one of India’s major public health problems.
3.Natural resistance is a type of antimicrobial resistance which occurs mainly due to structures of chromosomes.
Which of the statements given above are correct?

[A] 1 and 2 only

[B] 2 and 3 only

[C] 1 and 3 only

[D] 1, 2 and 3

Answer: A
Notes:

Explanation –

Statement 1 and 2 are correct. AMR occurs when microbes such as bacteria become resistant to antimicrobial treatments. AMR is one of India’s major public health problems.

Statement 3 is incorrect. Natural resistance is a kind of AMR which is caused by the structural characteristics of microbes and is not associated with the use of antimicrobials. It has no hereditary property.

Source: The Indian Express