Q. With reference to Arya Samaj consider the following statements:
1.It was founded by Dayanand Saraswati.
2.It supported Varna system based on birth.
3.It opposed polygamy and idol worship.
Select the correct statement using the code given below:

[A] 1 and 2 only

[B] 2 and 3 only

[C] 1 and 3 only

[D] 1, 2 and 3

Answer: C

Arya Samaj is a monotheistic Indian Hindu reform movement that promotes values and practices based on the belief in the infallible authority of the Vedas. The samaj was founded by Dayanand Saraswati on 7 April 1875.

Main principles and objectives of the Arya Samaj are as follows:

It opposed the idol worship and reincarnation theory of God but accepted doctrine of Karma and transmigration of soul.

It believed that post-vedic texts such as Puranas were responsible for pollution of Vedic religion.

It supported Varna system but the Varna system should be based on merit and not birth.

It advocated widow remarriage, female education and opposed polygamy, child marriage, Sati, etc.

Source: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/other-states/arya-samaj-certificates-cannot-be-proof-of-marriage-allahabad-hc/article65853474.ece