Q. With reference to Battle of Saraighat, consider the following statements:
1.The Battle was fought between the Mughal Empire and the Maratha Kingdom.
2.Mughal Army was defeated in the battle by guerrilla tactics, clever diplomatic negotiations to buy time, military intelligence and by exploiting the weakness of Mughal Navy.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

[A] 1 only

[B] 2 only

[C] Both 1 and 2

[D] Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: B
Notes:

Statement 1 is incorrect: The Battle of Saraighat was the last major attempt by the Mughals to extend their empire into Assam. The Battle was fought in 1671 between the Mughal Empire, led by Raja Ram Singh I and the Ahom Kingdom, led by Lachit Borphukan.

Statement 2 is correct: The Ahom army defeated the Mughal Army by brilliant uses of the terrain, guerrilla tactics, clever diplomatic negotiations to buy time, military intelligence and by exploiting the sole weakness of the Mughal forces—its navy.

Battle of Saraighat is regarded as the “greatest naval battle ever fought in a river”.

Source: British-era bungalow is home to Brahmaputra heritage centre