Q. With reference to Biodiversity Heritage Sites in India consider the following statements:
1.These are unique and sensitive ecosystems having rich biodiversity.
2.These can be present in terrestrial as well as in coastal ecosystem.
3.Biological Diversity Act, 2002 empowers only the central government to notify Biodiversity Heritage Sites in India.
Which of the statements given above are correct?

[A] 1 and 2 only

[B] 2 and 3 only

[C] 1 and 3 only

[D] 1, 2 and 3

Answer: A
Notes:

Statement 1: Biodiversity Heritage Sites are unique and sensitive ecosystems having rich biodiversity.

Statement 2: Biodiversity Heritage Sites can be terrestrial, coastal and inland waters or marine ecosystems.

Statement 3: the statement is incorrect. As per Biological Diversity Act, 2002, State Governments can notify in the official gazette, in consultation with ‘local bodies’, areas of biodiversity importance as BHS.

Source: The Hindu