Q. With reference to casual workers employed in India, consider the following statements:
1. All casual workers are entitled for Employees Provident Fund Coverage.
2. All casual workers are entitled for regular working hours and overtime payment.
3. The government can by a notification specify that an establishment or industry shall pay wages only through its bank account.
Which of the above statement are correct?

[A] 1 and 2 only

[B] 2 and 3 only

[C] 1 and 3 only

[D] 1, 2 and 3

Answer: D

Why this question) COVID-19 has exposed the vulnerability of urban casual workers: Periodic Labour Force Survey  

Ans) d 

Exp) Option d is correct. 

Statement a is correct. 

A casual worker is a worker on a temporary employment contract with generally limited entitlements to benefits and little or no security of employment. The main attribute is the absence of a continuing relationship of any stability with an employer, which could lead to their not being considered employees at all.  

Supreme Court has ruled that casualworkersare also entitled to social security benefits under the Employees Provident Funds and Miscellaneous Provisions Act.
As per Section 2(f) of the EPF Act, the definition of anemployeeis an inclusive definition, and is widely worded to include any person engaged either directly or indirectly in connection with the work of an establishment, and is paid wages, a bench of SC said. 

Statement b is correct. 

Casual workers(should) have all those rights that are enjoyed byregularworkers, since the definition of employee includes casual labour as per Supreme Court guidelines. Employees in India are entitled for regular working hours and overtime payment according to Minimum Wages Rules, 1950. 

Statement 3 is correct. 

The Payment of Wages (Amendment) Act 2017 provides that the Government may specify that the employer of any industrial or other establishment shall pay wages to every employee only by cheque or by crediting the wages in his bank account“. 

Source)  Contractual workers also entitled to PF benefits: SC (indiatimes.com) 

Government introduces bill for wage payment via e-mode, cheques – The Economic Times (indiatimes.com) 

Subject) Economics