Q. With reference to Chausath Yogini Temple situated near Morena, consider the following statements :
1. It is a circular temple built during the reign of Kachchhapaghata Dynasty.
2. It is the only circular temple built in India.
3. It was meant to promote the Vaishnava cult in the region.
4. Its design has given rise to a popular belief that it was the inspiration behind the Indian Parliament building.
Which of the statements given above are correct?

[A] 1 and 2

[B] 2 and 3 only

[C] 1 and 4

[D] 2, 3 and 4

Answer: C
Notes:

Why this Question) Under central vista project new parliament building is constructed. The existing parliament building is replica of Chausanth Yogini Temple. 

Ans) c 

Exp) Option c is correct. 

Chausanth Yogini

 

Statement 1 is correct. According to an inscription dated to 1323 CE (Vikram Samvat 1383), the temple was built by the Kachchhapaghata king Devapala (r. c.1055 – 1075). It is said that the temple was the venue of providing education in astrology and mathematics based on the transit of the Sun. 

Statement 2 is incorrect. This circular temple is one among the very few such temples in India. It is not the only circular temple built in India. 

Statement 3 is incorrect It is, also known as Ekattarso Mahadeva Temple because of the presence of multitude of shivalingas inside its cells.  So it promote Shaivite cult in the region not vaishnavite culture 

Statement 4 is correct Many of these curious visitors have compared this temple with the Indian parliament building (Sansad Bhawan) as both are circular in style. So, many have drawn conclusions that this temple was the inspiration behind the Parliament building. 

Source) https://www.financialexpress.com/lifestyle/travel-tourism/temples-which-inspired-design-of-indian-parliament-madhya-pradeshs-chausath-yogini-mandir/1575446/  

https://morena.nic.in/en/tourist-place/mitawali/  

Subject) History