Q. With reference to Commission for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources (CCAMLR), Consider the following statements:
1.The Commission manage Antarctic fisheries to preserve species diversity and stability of the entire Antarctic marine ecosystem.
2.India is not a member of the CCAMLR.
3.CCAMLR members will declare the Marine Protected Areas in Antarctic.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

[A] 1 only

[B] 2 and 3 only

[C] 1 and 3 only

[D] 1, 2 and 3

Answer: C
Notes:

Statement 1 is correct: CCAMLR is an international treaty to manage Antarctic fisheries to preserve species diversity and stability of the entire Antarctic marine ecosystem. It came into force in April 1982.

Statement 2 is incorrect: India has been a permanent member of the CCAMLR since 1986. Work pertaining to the CCAMLR is coordinated in India by the Ministry of Earth Sciences through its attached office, the Centre for Marine Living Resources and Ecology (CMLRE) in Kochi, Kerala.

Statement 3 is correct: Since 2009, CCAMLR members have developed proposals for MPAs for various regions of the Southern Ocean. CCAMLR’s scientific committee examines these proposals. After CCAMLR members agree upon them, elaborate conservation measures will be set out by CCAMLR.

Source: India extends support for protecting the Antarctic environment and for designating East Antarctica and the Weddell Sea as Marine Protected Areas (MPAs)