Q. With reference to Dementia, consider the following statements.
1. Dementia is a viral disease that affects the functions of intestine.
2. It is one of the major causes of disability and dependency among older people worldwide.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

[A] 1 only

[B] 2 only

[C] Both 1 and 2

[D] Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: B
Notes:

Recently, The World Health Organisation (WHO) has released a report titled ‘Global status report on the public health response to ‘dementia’. 

About Dementia: 

Dementia is a syndrome – usually of a chronic or progressive nature – that leads to deterioration in cognitive function (i.e. the ability to process thought) beyond what might be expected from the usual consequences of biological ageing. (Statement 1 is incorrect) 

Dementia is currently the seventh leading cause of death among all diseases and one of the major causes of disability and dependency among older people worldwide. (Statement 2 is correct) 

Read moreWorld failing to address dementia challenge: WHO report