Q. With reference to Ecologically Sensitive Zone (ESZ) consider the following statements:
1.These areas act as a transition zone between areas requiring higher protection and those requiring lesser protection.
2.The Environment (Protection) Act, 1986 mentions ESZ that needs to be protected.
3.The Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change (MoEFCC) has the power to notify ESZ.
Which of the statements given above are correct?

[A] 1 and 2 only

[B] 2 and 3 only

[C] 1 and 3 only

[D] 1, 2 and 3

Answer: C
Notes:

Explanation –

Statement 1 and 3 are correct. ESZ act as a transition zone between areas requiring higher protection and those requiring lesser protection. The Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change (MoEFCC) has the power to notify ESZ.

Statement 2 is incorrect. The Environment (Protection) Act, 1986 does not mention the word ESZ. However, it provides that Central Government can restrict areas in which any industries, operations shall not be carried out or shall be carried out subject to certain safeguards. This provision of the Act has empowered government to come up with ESZ.

Source: The Hindu