Q. With reference to furnace oil, consider the following statements:
1. It is a product of oil refineries.
2. Some industries use it to generate power.
3. Its use causes sulphur emissions into environment.
Which of the statements given above are correct?
Why this Question) A plea in the National Green Tribunal about the use of pet coke and furnace oil is causing huge emission of Sulphur dioxide and other pollutants. (July 2020, The Hindu).
Exp) Option d is correct.
Statement 1 is correct. Furnace oil is a dark viscous residual fuel obtained by blending heavier component of crude oil. It is a is a product of oil refineries.
Statement 2 is correct. Furnace oil uses include heating up homes and fuel trucks to lighting up furnaces, producing steam for industrial uses and for generating electric energy. It is produced from the burnable liquids derived from crude oil and is also called kerosene, home heating oil, diesel fuel or coal oil.
Statement 3 is correct. Sulphur is a natural component in crude oil that is present in gasoline and diesel unless removed. Furnace oil has high component of sulphur leading to its emission when burned.