Q. With reference to gauthans, consider the following statements;
1.It is an innovative experiment to tackle stubble burning.
2.It is undertaken by the Punjab government.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

[A] .1 only

[B] 2 only

[C] .Both 1 and 2

[D] .Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: A
Notes:
Statement 1 is correct: It is an innovative experiment to tackle stubble burning. A gauthan is a dedicated five-acre plot, held in common by each village, where all the unused stubble is collected through parali daan (people’s donations) and is converted into organic fertilizer by mixing with cow dung and a few natural enzymes.
This model has also generated employment among rural youth. The government supports the transportation of stubble from the farm to the nearest gauthan. The state has successfully developed 2,000 gauthans.
Statement 2 is incorrect: It is undertaken by the Chhattisgarh government.

Source: CAQM holds review meetings to address stubble burning