Q. With reference to GM Crops, consider the following statements;
1.India does not allow the import of non-permitted GM Crops and its byproducts in India for human and animal consumption.
2.Use of an unapproved GM variant can attract a jail term of 5 years and a fine of Rs 1 lakh under the Environmental Protection Act,1986.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

[A] 1 only

[B] .2 only

[C] Both 1 and 2

[D] Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: B
Notes:

Statement 1 is incorrect: India is currently importing around 13 million tonnes at a cost of Rs 1.17 lakh crore to the exchequer. Of this, 2.0-2.5 mt soybean oil and 1.0-1.5 mt canola oil is already GM.

The Union Government of India has decided to allow the import of genetically modified (GM) soymeal for poultry industry.

Statement 2 is correct: Use of an unapproved GM variant can attract a jail term of 5 years and a fine of Rs 1 lakh under the Environmental Protection Act,1986.

Source: GM Mustard: A Win For Science And The Farmer