Q. With reference to HIV, consider the following statements:
1. HIV attacks CD4, a type of White Blood Cell (T cells) in the body’s immune system.
2. It spreads from one person to another through sexual contact.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

[A] 1 only

[B] 2 only

[C] Both 1 and 2

[D] Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: C

Statement 1 is correct: HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) is a virus that attacks CD4 cells that help the body fight infection, making a person more vulnerable to other infections and diseases. 

Statement 2 is correct: HIV is transmitted through anal or vaginal sex, or sharing needles, syringes, or other drug injection equipment. 

Source: Indian Express