Q. With reference to Hypertension, consider the following statements:
1.Hypertension is defined as having a diastolic blood pressure level greater than or equal to 140 mmHg or a systolic blood pressure level greater than or equal to 90 mmHg.
2.Southern States have a higher prevalence of hypertension than the national average.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct

[A] 1 only

[B] 2 only

[C] Both 1 and 2

[D] Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: B
Notes:

Statement 1 is incorrect: Hypertension is defined as having systolic blood pressure level greater than or equal to 140 mmHg or diastolic blood pressure level greater than or equal to 90 mmHg or/and taking anti-hypertensive medication to lower his/her blood pressure.

Statement 2 is correct: Southern States have a higher prevalence of hypertension than the national average, according to the latest edition of the National Family Health Survey.

While 21.3% of women and 24% of men aged above 15 have hypertension in the country, the prevalence is the highest in Kerala where 32.8% men and 30.9% women have been diagnosed with hypertension.

Source: The Hindu