Q. ‘With reference to Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated (IUU) fishing consider the following statements:
1.IUU fishing depletes fish stocks and impacts coastal communities.
2.There is no commission in India to monitor IUU fishing in the Indian Ocean.
3.There has been an increase in IUU fishing in the Indian Ocean Region.
Which of the statements given above are correct?

[A] 1 and 2 only

[B] 2 and 3 only

[C] 1 and 3 only

[D] 1, 2 and 3

Answer: C
Notes:

Statement 1: IUU fishing depletes fish stocks, destroys marine habitats, puts fishermen at disadvantage and impacts coastal communities, especially in developing countries.

Statement 2: The statement is incorrect. As per United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS), coastal nations are responsible for addressing IUU fishing issues within their respective EEZ. There are regional fisheries management organisations such as the Indian Ocean Tuna Commission operating under the mandate of UNCLOS as regulatory bodies to monitor IUU fishing on the high seas.

Statement 3: Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated (IUU) fishing continues to rise beyond India’s Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ). Most of the illegal activity is found in the Northern Indian Ocean Region (IOR).

Source: The Hindu