Q. With reference to India, consider the following statements:
1. There is only one citizenship and one domicile.
2. A Citizen by birth only can become the Head of State.
3. A foreigner once granted the citizenship cannot be deprived of it under any circumstance.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

[A] 1 only

[B] 2 only

[C] 1 and 3

[D] 2 and 3

Answer: D
Notes:

Why this question:  

  • New domicile rules for J&K 
  • Recently, the Home Ministry empowered 13 more District Collectors in five States to grant citizenship certificates to applicants belonging to six minority communities from Pakistan, Bangladesh and Afghanistan 
  • Citizenship (Amendment) Act (CAA) 2019 
  • Important static topic: Citizenship 

Ans) a 

Exp) Option a is correct. 

Statement 1 is correct. The Indian Constitution provides for only a single citizenship, that is, the Indian citizenship. The citizens in India owe allegiance only to the Union. There is no separate state citizenship. Also, when an Indian citizen voluntarily acquires the citizenship of another country, his Indian citizenship automatically terminates. 

There is only one domicile allowed in India. Domicile Certificate can be made only in one State/UT. In 2010, the Uttarakhand High Court declared that there is no separate domicile for each State and there is only one domicile for the entire country. 

Statement 2 is incorrect. The President is the Head of the Indian State. In India, both a citizen by birth as well as a naturalised citizen are eligible for the office of President. Thus, a naturalized citizen can become the Head of the State in India. 

This is different from USA, where only a citizen by birth (and not a naturalised citizen) is eligible for the office of President. 

Statement 3 is incorrect. A foreigner, who has been earlier granted Indian citizenship, can be deprived of his citizenship.  

His Indian citizenship can be terminated by the Central government, if: 

  • he has obtained the citizenship by fraud: 
  • he has shown disloyalty to the Constitution of India: 
  • he has unlawfully traded or communicated with the enemy during a war; 
  • he has, within five years after registration or naturalisation, been imprisoned in any country for two years; and 
  • he has been ordinarily resident out of India for seven years continuously. 

Source) Laxmikant 6th edition: Chapter 6 

https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/other-states/domicile-rules-for-jk/article31660363.ece  

Subject) Polity