Q. With reference to Indian History, The Safety Value Theory was related to which of the following?

[A] Formation of Indian National Congress

[B] Formation of Muslim League

[C] Formation of Hindu Maha Sabha

[D] Formation of Communist Property

Answer: A

Explanation: There is a theory that Hume formed the Congress with the idea that it would prove to be a ‘safety valve’ for releasing the growing discontent of the Indians.

  • To this end, he convinced Lord Dufferin not to obstruct the formation of the Congress. The extremist leaders like Lala Lajpat Rai believed in the ‘safety valve’ theory.
  • Even the Marxist historian’s ‘conspiracy theory’ was an offspring of the ‘safety valve’ notion.
  • For example, R.P. Dutt opined that the Indian National Congress was born out of a conspiracy to abort a popular uprising in India and the bourgeois leaders were a party to it.

Source: Spectrum Modern India