Q. With reference to Industrial development of India in 18th century, the term “Kunjali Maraikkars” is associated with?
The Kunjali Marakkars were maritime merchants of Arab descent who supported the trade in the Indian Ocean who settled in the coastal regions of Kayalpattinam, Kilakarai, Thoothukudi, Nagore and Karaikal.
- With the emergence of the Portuguese in India, some Marakkars were forced to take up arms and enlist themselves in service of the Hindu king (the zamorin) of Calicut.
- The Marakkar naval chiefs of the Calicut were known as Kunjali Marakkars.
Source: Spectrum Modern India.