Q. With reference to “Kunming-Montreal Global Biodiversity Framework” consider the following statements:
1.Under this framework, countries agreed to protect 30% of land and water considered important for biodiversity by 2030.
2.The framework has been made legally binding on the member countries due to failure of Aichi targets.
3.A Special Trust Fund is expected to be established to support the implementation of the GBF. 
Which of the statements given above are correct?

[A] 1 and 2 only

[B] 2 and 3 only

[C] 1 and 3 only

[D] 1, 2 and 3

Answer: C
Notes:

Statement 1 and 3 are correct. Under GBF, countries agreed to protect 30% of land and water considered important for biodiversity by 2030. A Special Trust Fund is expected to be established by 2023 to support the implementation of the GBF.

Statement 2 is incorrect. The agreement is not legally binding, but countries will be required to show their progress on meeting targets through national biodiversity plans.

Source: ForumIAS