Q. With reference to legal rights to non-humans, consider the following statements;
1.Ecuador became the first country to grant legal rights to individual wild animals.
2.India granted river Ganga and its longest tributary Yamuna, the legal right to be protected and not be harmed.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

[A] .1 only

[B] 2 only

[C] Both 1 and 2

[D] Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: A
Notes:

Statement 1 is correct: In 2022, Ecuador became the first country to grant legal rights to individual wild animals.

Statement 2 is incorrect: Uttarakhand High Court Judgment (2017) granted the river Ganga and its longest tributary Yamuna the legal right to be protected and not be harmed. However, SC stayed it due to various legal and administrative issues and said it was unsustainable.

Source: Indian Express