Q. With reference to Methanol, consider the following statements.
1. It is a clean burning fuel that produces fewer smog-causing emissions such as Sulphur oxides, nitrogen oxides and particulate matter.
2. It can be produced from Natural Gas, Coal, Biomass, Municipal Solid waste and also from CO2.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

[A] 1 only

[B] 2 only

[C] Both 1 and 2

[D] Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: C

Statement 1 is correct: Methanol is a clean-burning fuel that can replace both petrol & diesel in transportation & LPG, Wood, Kerosene in cooking fuel. It can also replace diesel in Railways and could be an ideal complement to Hybrid and Electric Mobility. Methanol burns efficiently in all internal combustion engines, produces no particulate matter, no soot, almost nil SOX and NOX emissions (NEAR ZERO POLLUTION). 

Statement 2 is correct: Methanol can be produced from a variety of feedstocks like Natural Gas, Coal (Indian High Ash Coal), Biomass, Municipal Solid waste and most importantly from CO2. 

Source: PIB