Q. With reference to Minor irrigation (MI) schemes, consider the following statements:
1.Uttar Pradesh possesses the largest number of MI schemes in the country.
2.Most minor irrigation schemes in India are owned by individuals or groups of farmers.
3.MI schemes are surface irrigation systems and do not involve groundwater irrigation systems.
Which of the statements given above are correct?
Statements 1 and 2 are correct. Uttar Pradesh possesses the largest number of MI schemes in the country (17.2%) followed by Maharashtra (15.4%), Madhya Pradesh (9.9%) and Tamil Nadu (9.1%). 96.6% of minor irrigation schemes are under private ownership whereas 3.4% are under public ownership. Therefore, most minor irrigation schemes in India are owned by individuals or groups of farmers.
Statement 3 is incorrect. MI schemes can be either surface irrigation systems or groundwater irrigation systems. However, Surface irrigation systems are the most common type of MI scheme.