Q. With reference to National Green Tribunal (NGT), consider the following statements:
1. It is a statutory body set up for effective and expeditious disposal of cases relating to environmental protection and conservation of forests.
2. NGT is mandated to make disposal of applications or appeals finally within 6 months of filing of the same.
3. NGT does not have suo motu powers to take up environmental issues across the country.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

[A] 1 and 2 only

[B] 2 and 3 only

[C] 1 and 3 only

[D] 1, 2 and 3

Answer: A
Notes:

Statement 1 is correct: It is a specialised body set up under the National Green Tribunal Act (2010) for effective and expeditious disposal of cases relating to environmental protection and conservation of forests and other natural resources. 

Statement 2 is correct: NGT is mandated to make disposal of applications or appeals finally within 6 months of filing of the same. 

Statement 3 is incorrect: Recently, The Supreme Court has empowered the National Green Tribunal (NGT) with suo motu(on its own) power to initiate proceedings on its own in case of environmental exigencies. 

Source: SC empowers green tribunal to initiate action on its own