Q. With reference to Nipah virus, consider the following statements:
1. It is a zoonotic virus.
2. The only available vaccine is the antiviral drug Ribavirin.
Which of the above statements is/are correct?

[A] 1 only

[B] 2 only

[C] Both 1 and 2

[D] Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: A
  • Statement 1 is correct: It is a zoonotic virus, meaning it has been transmitted from animals to human beings. 
  • Statement 2 is incorrect: There is no vaccine against Nipah virus. The only available treatment is supportive cough care. Ribavirin, an antiviral drug, was used to treat encephalitis in 2018. 

Source: Article