Q. With reference to Open Natural Ecosystems (ONEs), consider the following statements:
1. In India, ONEs have been classified as wastelands.
2. They have the highest densities & diversity of large mammalian fauna and also support the livelihoods of local populations.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

[A] 1 only

[B] 2 only

[C] Both 1 and 2

[D] Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: C

Both statements are correct. 

  • In India, ONEs has been classified as wastelands. They cover around 300,000 sq km (10 percent) of India’s land surface. The largest stretches are found in Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh and Gujarat. 
  • These have the “highest densities and diversity of large mammalian fauna” and also support the livelihoods of local populations. So, the government should exclude these habitats when considering the location of renewable energy projects. 

Source: Article