Q. With reference to Places of Worship (Special Provisions) Act 1991, consider the following statements;
1.The Act bars the conversion of the religious character of a place of worship from how it existed on August 15, 1947.
2.The Act applied to Ram Janma Bhumi Babri Masjid dispute also.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

[A] .1 only

[B] 2 only

[C] .Both 1 and 2

[D] .Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: A
Notes:

Statement 1 is correct: The Act bars the conversion of the religious character of a place of worship from how it existed on August 15, 1947.

Statement 2 is incorrect: It says that the Act shall not be applied to Ram Janma Bhumi Babri Masjid dispute. Other than that, the Act also exempts:

  • Any place of worship, that is an ancient and historical monument or an archaeological site. It must be covered by the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Sites and Remains Act, 1958;
  • a suit that has been finally settled or disposed of;
  • any dispute that has been settled by the parties or conversion of any place that took place by acquiescence before the Act commenced.

Source: Indian Express