Q. With reference to plastic waste, consider the following statements:
1. Plastic waste is major problem because of its biodegradable nature.
2. Un-Plastic Collective (UPC) is a voluntary initiative launched by the UN-Environment Program-India, Confederation of Indian Industry and WWF-India.
3. Microplastics are small plastic pieces of less than five millimeters in size.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

[A] 1 and 2 only

[B] 2 and 3 only

[C] 1 and 3 only

[D] 1, 2 and 3

Answer: B

Statement 1 is incorrect: it is a problem because of its non-biodegradable nature. 

Statements 2 is correct: UPC is co-founded by CII, UNEP and WWF India. The word ‘un-plastic’ specifically refers to moving all types of plastics in a circular economy and removing unnecessary plastic in the long run, while using sustainable alternative materials. 

Statement 3 is correct: Microplastics are small plastic particles in the environment that are generally smaller than 1 mm to the 1 micrometer range. It includes microbeads that are used in cosmetics products, industrial scrubbers which are used for aggressive blast cleaning, microfibers used in textiles and virgin resin pellets used in plastic manufacturing processes. 

Source: Down to Earth