Q. With reference to ‘Purse seines fishing’ consider the following statements:
1.It is used in the open ocean to target dense schools of single-species pelagic fish like tuna and mackerel. 
2.It is a non-selective fishing method that captures everything that it surrounds.
3.This type of fishing usually involves contact with the seabed and harmful for deep ocean organisms.
Which of the statements given above are correct?

[A] 1 and 2 only

[B] 2 and 3 only

[C] 1 and 3 only

[D] 1, 2 and 3

Answer: A
Notes:

Statement 1 and 2 are correct. Purse seines fishing is used in the open ocean to target dense schools of single-species pelagic fish like tuna and mackerel. It is a non-selective fishing method that captures everything that it surrounds, including sea turtles and marine mammals. States like Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Puducherry, Odisha, etc. have prohibited Purse-seine fishing.

Statement 3 is incorrect. Purse-seine fishing in open water is generally considered to be an efficient form of fishing. It has no contact with the seabed.

Source: ForumIAS