Q. With reference to Rani Gadinlieu, consider the following:
1. The title “Rani” was given to her by Mahatma Gandhi.
2. She led the Heraka religious movement.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

[A] 1 only

[B] 2 only

[C] Both 1 and 2

[D] Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: B
Notes:

Statement 1 is incorrect: Gaidinliu was arrested in 1932 at the age of 16; and was sentenced to life imprisonment by the British rulers. Jawaharlal Nehru met her at Shillong Jail in 1937; and promised to pursue her release. Nehru gave her the title of “Rani” (“Queen”); and she gained local popularity as Rani Gaidinliu 

Statement 2 is correct: At the tender age of 13, Gaidinliu joined her cousin Haipou Jadonang’s Heraka movement. The Heraka movement was a spiritual movement dedicated to reviving the ancient Naga tribal religion. Soon, it evolved into a political movement fighting the British to establish a Naga Raj in the area. The movement had a large number of adherents from the Zeliangrong tribes (which comprised the Rongmei, Zeme and the Liangmai tribes). 

Gaidinliu emerged as a leader of the guerrilla forces fighting the British at the young age of 16. She proclaimed, “We are free people, the white men should not rule over us….”. In 1931, the British arrested and hanged Jadonang. After this, Gaidinliu led the Heraka movement. 

Source: PIB