Q. With reference to rock-cut caves consider the following statements:
1.The first rock-cut caves were excavated in Madhya Pradesh under the reign of the Guptas.
2.The cave architecture reached its peak in the Kailasa Temple at Ellora.
Select the correct statements using the codes given below:

[A] 1 only

[B] 2 only

[C] Both 1 and 2

[D] Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: B

Explanation –

Statement 1 is incorrect. The first rock-cut caves were excavated in Bihar (the Barabar caves and the Nagarjuni caves) during the reign of emperor Ashoka in the Mauryan era.

Statement 2 is correct. Maharashtra is the capital of ancient rock-cut architecture in the country. Of the 1,200-odd architectural cave sites excavated in India, a thousand or more are found in the state. The cave architecture reached its height in the monumental “Kailasa Temple”, or Cave 16, at Ellora.

Source: ForumIAS