Q. With reference to “Sangam Age” consider the following statements:
1.During the Sangam Age, the Tamil kingdoms were ruled by a central monarchy headed by a king and operated under a highly centralized form of leadership.
2.The first Sangam was held at Kapadapuram.
3.Tolkappiyam is the earliest of the Tamil literatures.
How many of the above statements are correct?

[A] Only one

[B] Only two

[C] All three

[D] None

Answer: A

Explanation –

Statements 1 and 2 are incorrect. During the Sangam Age, the Tamil kingdoms were largely decentralized and governed by assemblies of local chieftains and leaders. These assemblies played a significant role in decision-making and governance, and power was distributed among various regional rulers. The first Sangam was held at Madurai.

Statement 3 is correct. Tolkappiyam authored by Tolkappiyar is the earliest of Tamil literature. It is a work on Tamil grammar but it provides information on the political and socioeconomic conditions of the Sangam period.

Source: ForumIAS