Q. With reference to Sanitation programmes in India, consider the following statements:
1. Central Rural Sanitation Programme focused on achieving Community-Led Total Sanitation.
2. Total Sanitation Campaign offered financial assistance to BPL homes to encourage the construction of ‘individual household latrines’.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

[A] 1 only

[B] 2 only

[C] Both 1 and 2

[D] Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: D

Statement 1 is incorrect: Central Rural Sanitation Programme offered financial assistance to below-poverty-line (BPL) homes to encourage the construction of ‘individual household latrines’ (IHHLs). 

Statement 2 is incorrect: Total Sanitation Campaign focused on driving up demand for toilet adoption. Around 15% of its budget was dedicated to educational activities, along with continued financial assistance to BPL households. 

To inculcate behaviour change, the campaign focussed on achieving Community-Led Total Sanitation (CLTS). 

SourceLessons from past sanitation policies for future efforts