Q. With reference to Scheduled Castes (SC), consider the following statements;
1 No person professing a religion different from Hinduism can be deemed to be a member of a Scheduled Castes (SC).
2Kaka Kalelkar committee documented the existence of caste and caste discrimination among Dalits converted into Christianism and Muslim.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

[A] 1 only

[B] 2 only

[C] Both 1 and 2

[D] Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: B
Notes:

Statement 1 is incorrect: The Constitution (Scheduled Castes) Order,1950 under Article 341 stipulates that no person professing a religion different from Hinduism, Sikhism or Buddhism can be deemed to be a member of a Scheduled Caste(SC). 

Statement 2 is correct: The First Backward Classes Commission headed by Kaka Kalelkar in 1955 documented the existence of caste and caste discrimination among Indian Christians and Indian Muslims, concluding that Dalit converts continued to face the same social disabilities even after leaving the Hindu fold. 

Source: ForumIAS