Q. With reference to Shanghai Cooperation Organisation, consider the following statements:
1. It’s a Eurasian political, economic and military organisation aiming to maintain peace, security and stability in the region
2. Kazakhstan, China, Kyrgyzstan, Russia and Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, India and Pakistan are the members of SCO.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct? 

[A] 1 only

[B] 2 only

[C] Both 1 and 2

[D] Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: A

Statement 1 is correct: The Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) was established as a multilateral association to ensure security and maintain stability across the vast Eurasian region, join forces to counteract emerging challenges and threats, and enhance trade, as well as cultural and humanitarian cooperation. 

Statement 2 is incorrect: The SCO currently comprises eight Member States (China, India, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Pakistan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan). 

Source: Article