Q. With reference to Shigella Bacteria, consider the following statements::
1.Currently, there are no vaccines available for shigellosis.
2.It is transmitted through bodily fluids.
3.It is the second leading cause of diarrhea (after Rotavirus) worldwide.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

[A] a.1 and 2 only

[B] 2 and 3 only

[C] 1 and 3 only

[D] 1, 2 and 3

Answer: C
Notes:

Statement 1 is correct: Shigella is a genus of bacteria that causes an infection called shigellosis. It is the second leading cause of diarrhea (after Rotavirus) worldwide and the third leading cause of death in children less than 5 years old. Currently, there are no vaccines available for shigellosis.

Statement 2 is incorrect: Shigella is generally transmitted through contaminated food or water, or through person-to-person contact.

Statement 3 is correct: It is the second leading cause of diarrhea (after Rotavirus) worldwide and the third leading cause of death in children less than 5 years old.

Source: The Hindu