Q. With reference to Sickle Cell Disease, consider the following:
1. It is an inherited blood disorder which affects the red blood cells.
2. It can cause damage to organs including the liver, kidney, lungs, heart and spleen.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

[A] 1 only

[B] 2 only

[C] Both 1 and 2

[D] Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: C
Notes:

Both statements are correct. 

Statement 1 is correct: It is an inherited blood disease which is most common among people of African, Arabian and Indian origin. It is a group of disorders that affects hemoglobin, the molecule in red blood cells that delivers oxygen to cells throughout the body. 

Statement 2 is correct: Over time, people with sickle cell disorders can experience damage to organs including the liver, kidney, lungs, heart and spleen. Death can also result from complications of the disorder. 

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