Q. With reference to special and differential treatment provisions (S&DT) of World Trade Organization (WTO), consider the following statements:
1. These provisions give developing countries special rights and allow other members to treat them more favorably.
2. Currently, any WTO member can designate itself as a developing country and avail these benefits.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

[A] 1 only

[B] 2 only

[C] Both 1 and 2

[D] Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: C
Notes:

Both statements are correct. 

  • WTO agreements contain special provisions which give developing countries special rights and allow other members to treat them more favorably. These are called “special and differential treatment provisions” (abbreviated as S&D or SDT). 
  • Currently, any WTO member can designate itself as a developing country and avail S&DT benefits. As a result of the self-selection process, there is a competition among members to get the developing country status. Several advanced countries have also taken developing country status. 

SourceArticle