Q. With reference to the “effects of inflation”, which of the following statements is/are correct? :
1. Borrowers suffer and lenders benefit out of inflation.
2. Rising inflation indicates rising aggregate demand.
Select the correct answer using the codes given below:
There are multi-dimensional effects of inflation on an economy both at the micro and macro levels.
- It redistributes income, distorts relative prices, destabilizes employment, tax, saving and investment policies, and finally it may bring in recession and depression in an economy.
- Inflation redistributes wealth from creditors to debtors, i.e., lenders suffer and borrowers benefit out of inflation.
- Rising inflation indicates rising aggregate demand and indicates comparatively lower supply and higher purchasing capacity among the consumers.