Q. With reference to the Komodo dragon, consider the following statements.
1. Komodo Dragon is endemic to Indonesia and present only in the World Heritage site, Komodo National Park and neighbouring Flores.
2. Komodo Dragon is listed as vulnerable in IUCN Redlist.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

[A] 1 only

[B] 2 only

[C] Both 1 and 2

[D] Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: A
Notes:

The world’s largest living lizard, the Komodo dragon (Varanus komodoensis), has been moved from vulnerable to endangered. (Statement 2 is incorrect) 

The species is endemic to Indonesia and present only in the World Heritage site, Komodo National Park and neighbouring Flores. (Statement 1 is correct) 

Rising global temperature and subsequent sea levels are expected to reduce the Komodo dragon’s suitable habitat by at least 30 percent in the next 45 years. 

Due to ongoing human activities, Komodo dragons living outside protected areas in Flores are threatened by significant habitat loss. 

Read more: Over 900 species of animals have become extinct according to latest IUCN Red List